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(Willow Springs) – Route Y in Shannon County will be reduced to one lane while Missouri Department of Transportation crews cut brush and trim trees.

This section of road is located from Route 99 to the end of state maintenance.

Weather permitting, work will take place Monday, November 24 from 7:30 AM to 3 PM.

The work zone will be marked with signs and motorists are urged to use extreme caution while traveling near the area.

For additional information, contact MoDOT’s Customer Service Center toll-free at 1-888-ASK-MODOT (1-888-275-6636) or visit www.modot.org/southeast.

(Little Rock) – Arkansas Governor Mike Beebe has released his newest radio column, in which he talks about giving thanks this holiday season:

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Reflections from the Road

by Rick Mansfield

The boy was probably not yet a teen, his willingness to still be led by his mother’s hand as much of a clue as his slight stature. They approached the grave together, and only upon standing before the sunken plaque did they unclasp hands. The woman bowed her head, appearing to be in silent prayer. The boy took a small object from a coat pocket, the wind making the November day even more chilling than was seasonal. Kneeling, he placed it beside a somewhat leaning flag. A U S flag stuck months before into the soil beside the cast nameplate.

After several moments of silence, and then a brief exchange swallowed by the northern wind; they resumed their walk. Again she took the child’s hand, again he seemed to welcome the contact. Their exit path drew them closer to me than I had planned, my intent at such times to be as least intrusive as possible.

“Sir, do you work here?” she asked.

“No mam.” If one is not paid, then I believe there is truth to such a reply. “I volunteer at times with friends. May I be of help?” An attempt at anonymity could not harbor discourteous behavior.

“I wondered who placed the flags? Do they do it yearly?” she continued.

“Memorial Day. A group places them beside the military graves. I understand they are volunteers, such as myself.” I did not wish to say too much; to too specifically describe the process. I knew firsthand that those doing so did it not for recognition nor reward.

“My husbands’ was a bit tilted. Still looked pretty new, though.”

“I straightened it” the young man announced, a bit of pride, perhaps; but not in the act but for the man below it. “My father would want it straight.”

He’d looked up as he spoke. Now silent, his head turned back down. I saw his fingers tighten on his mother’s hand. He looked back towards the place of honor they had just visited; then his gaze was towards their car.

“Please thank them for us.” She bravely mustered a smile as she turned. The wind was now even sharper; perhaps that is what drew the moisture to her eyes. Together they walked away.

Their row was one to which I had not yet gone, having only entered this cemetery minutes before. I had straightened or replaced the little wooden dowels and pieces of cloth that mean so very much to those who love this country; much more to those that have had or now have loved ones in uniform that give us the freedom we all enjoy and too few appreciate. This was the third of what would be nearly a dozen stops today.

In 1954 Armistice Day became Veteran’s Day, in recognition of the Second World War and then the Korean Conflict that had added to the sacrifice of Americans in the Great War. More than one hundred thousand American soldiers died in that carnage. More than a half million additional have died since.

Placing a flag, saying a prayer, lifting and leveling a headstone. Little enough to do for those that served, that too often gave that last “great measure of devotion.” Canadian Artillery Major John McRae warned of the consequences “If ye break faith with us who die………” The sleep of those now gone might just be the least of our worries.

When a people no longer honor the honorable, I fear they will become lost—regardless of what flowers are growing where.

Yulexi Plata, 14, speaks about her hopes for immigration policy during an interview in Birmingham, Ala., on Monday, Nov. 17, 2014. While the high school freshman was born in the United States and is a U.S. citizen, both of her parents are from Mexico and are living in Alabama without proper documentation. Plata hopes a new policy will allow her parents to remain in the United States and ease her fears that they will be deported. (AP Photo/Jay Reeves)

Yulexi Plata, 14, speaks about her hopes for immigration policy during an interview in Birmingham, Ala., on Monday, Nov. 17, 2014. While the high school freshman was born in the United States and is a U.S. citizen, both of her parents are from Mexico and are living in Alabama without proper documentation. Plata hopes a new policy will allow her parents to remain in the United States and ease her fears that they will be deported. (AP Photo/Jay Reeves)

(San Diego) (AP) – President Barack Obama unveiled one of the most sweeping changes to the U.S. immigration system in decades, shielding millions from deportation.

Among those breathing easier: a Mexican woman in Birmingham, Alabama, who barely missed qualifying for a reprieve in 2012 but can apply now because she has three U.S.-born children; a pair of 9- and 11-year-old brothers in Tucson, Arizona, who can stay under more generous guidelines for immigrants who arrived as children.

About 5 million people are expected to qualify under the measures outlined Thursday. But about 6 million who are in the country illegally will be left out.

Many who were recently deported also miss out.

The Associated Press interviewed immigrants around the country – and in Mexico – for examples of who wins and who loses.

WINNER: Reyna Garcia, 32, almost qualified for Obama’s 2012 reprieve that allowed hundreds of thousands who came to the country as young children to remain. Her mistake was going to work for a cleaning crew instead of enrolling in high school. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program requires applicants to be attending high school or graduated.

The Mexican native has lived in Alabama for most of the last 17 years and gave birth to three children in the U.S. Parents of U.S. citizens or legal residents who have been in the country for more than five years are eligible.

Her oldest daughter, Yulexi Plata, 14, says it will be a relief for her parents to live without fear of deportation.

“If they’ve been here so long, why not more?” she asks.

But after having missed out once, Garcia worries.

“I have this fear that I may be missing something again. What might be the problem this time?”

LOSER: Liana Ghica, 49, was a lawyer in Romania who came to the U.S. in 2001. She has unsteady work cleaning houses and managing bookkeeping in the Los Angeles area.

Ghica’s son studies at University of California, Los Angeles and is allowed to stay under the DACA program for immigrants who came to the country when they were young. However, their parents are ineligible under Obama’s plans.

“It is a slap in our faces,” Ghica says. “Personally I think (Obama) damaged us even more with this.”

Ghica came to the U.S. with a visa and job offer that fell through. She stayed, she said, to give her son a chance at the American dream.

Her son, Vlad Stoicescu-Ghica, 21, said DACA has enabled him to get campus jobs, put household bills in his name and get a credit card.

“It just makes a tremendous difference in terms of humanizing people and giving them the ability to stand on their own and not having to rely on others for their day-to-day activities,” he said.

Ghica questioned why parents whose children were born in the U.S. are allowed to stay and she isn’t.

“What is the difference? We all had the same dream.”

WINNER: Rosa Robles Loreto’s 9- and 11-year-old sons were born in Mexico but have lived in Arizona for years. They didn’t qualify for a reprieve under the DACA, but Obama is expanding it to lift age restrictions and make anyone eligible who arrived before January 1, 2010.

“It feels good my kids are in. They’re the reason I’m here fighting,” she said after watching Obama’s speech at the Southside Presbyterian Church in Tucson, where she has been taking sanctuary for more than 100 days.

But she was sad that, after a summer of living in a small room with bunk beds, a TV, books and little more, she will not be able to go home. She faces a deportation order after being stopped for a traffic infraction years ago.

She has been living in the U.S. illegally since the early 1990s and returned to Mexico to give birth to each of her sons because she couldn’t afford health care.

LOSER: Eduardo Vidal, 36, was deported to Mexico less than three weeks before Obama’s announcement, separated from his Salvadoran wife and five U.S.-born children after police in the Los Angeles suburb of Palmdale stopped him for a broken tail light and discovered he had three DUI convictions.

Vidal spent much of his 22 years in the United States cleaning offices in Las Vegas and Southern California. He has no idea what to do next.

“I don’t know my way around. I have no money,” Vidal said as he waited with hundreds of others for a free meal of ground beef, squash, rice and beans at Tijuana’s Padre Chava breakfast hall.

Many at the breakfast hall are fluent in English and products of American schools. They have parents, spouses and children living in the U.S., often legally.

Sonia Vidal wants her husband to rejoin her in California. She is in the U.S. legally but doesn’t have permission to live in Mexico.

“The easiest thing would be for him to come here,” she said.

An administrator saw shock and fear in Vidal’s eyes as he waited in line. She offered him a free bed.

WINNER: Jorge Romero-Morales and his wife, Clara, both 40, came to Oregon in 1996 and had two children – their ticket to remain in the U.S.

“We came to this country to work, not to ask for handouts,” he said.

Romero-Morales worked two shifts at restaurants and later joined a construction company. Clara was a community health worker and volunteered at her children’s school.

The couple bought a small home in Aloha, a Portland suburb. They take English classes.

Romero-Morales said he was always paid less than his American colleagues. He kept silent, he said, because he lacks a work permit and was afraid someone would call authorities.

“I feel happy that my parents might qualify,” said their youngest son, Naethan, 12, while wiping tears at their dining table. “They have worked so hard, and I don’t want to get separated from them.”

Associated Press writers contributing to this story were: Jay Reeves in Birmingham, Alabama; Amy Taxin in Santa Ana, California; Astrid Galvan in Tucson, Arizona; and Gosia Wozniacka in Aloha, Oregon.

FILE - In this Feb. 10, 2011, file photo, St. Louis County Prosecuting Attorney Bob McCulloch speaks in St. Louis. Not much is normal about the Missouri grand jury responsible for deciding whether to charge a suburban St. Louis police officer for fatally shooting Michael Brown. Ferguson Police Officer Darren Wilson, who is white, shot the black unarmed 18-year-old shortly after noon on Aug. 9 in the center of a street, after some sort of scuffle occurred between them.  McCulloch hasn't publicly suggested any particular charge against Wilson. (AP Photo/Tom Gannam, File)

FILE – In this Feb. 10, 2011, file photo, St. Louis County Prosecuting Attorney Bob McCulloch speaks in St. Louis. Not much is normal about the Missouri grand jury responsible for deciding whether to charge a suburban St. Louis police officer for fatally shooting Michael Brown. Ferguson Police Officer Darren Wilson, who is white, shot the black unarmed 18-year-old shortly after noon on Aug. 9 in the center of a street, after some sort of scuffle occurred between them. McCulloch hasn’t publicly suggested any particular charge against Wilson. (AP Photo/Tom Gannam, File)

(Jefferson City) (AP) – Not much is normal about the Missouri grand jury responsible for deciding whether to charge a suburban St. Louis police officer for fatally shooting Michael Brown.

Not the length of deliberations, not the manner in which it has heard evidence, not the way in which its work could be made public. Then again, the case itself is unusual.

Ferguson Police Officer Darren Wilson, who is white, shot the black unarmed 18-year-old shortly after noon on Aug. 9 in the center of a street, after some sort of scuffle occurred between them. As Brown’s body lay there for hours, an angry crowd gathered. Riots and looting occurred the next night. In the following days, police responded with tear gas and smoke canisters as some protesters threw rocks and Molotov cocktails.

The Associated Press spoke with a veteran prosecutor and criminal defense attorney in Missouri about the typical grand jury process – and the ways the Brown case is far from the norm.

EXTRA TIME

At the time of Brown’s shooting, a St. Louis County grand jury already had been hearing cases and was scheduled to disband Sept. 10. In one of the first indications that Brown’s case would be different, a judge extended the jurors’ service until January, the maximum amount of time allowed.

Whereas a typical case might be presented to a grand jury in a single day, this case has stretched over three months.

NO SPECIFIC CHARGE

It’s fairly common in Missouri for a prosecutor to first file a complaint charging an individual with a crime, then go later to a grand jury asking it to indict the person for that offense. In this case, St. Louis County Prosecutor Bob McCulloch hasn’t publicly suggested any particular charge against Wilson.

NUMEROUS WITNESSES

Often, a grand jury hears testimony from just one or a few people, such as police investigators who summarize physical evidence and statements they’ve gathered from witnesses. In this case, McCulloch has said “all witnesses with any relevant evidence” were being summoned to testify.

TYPES OF WITNESSES

Typically, a prosecutor presents only witnesses who would aid his quest for an indictment. The target of the inquiry does not typically testify. But Wilson testified to the grand jury considering charges against him. Grand jurors also heard from a forensic expert hired by Brown’s family – unusual because such testimony typically comes only from government sources.

RECORD KEEPING

There often is no record of exactly what’s said in Missouri grand juries. That’s because only the jurors, witness and prosecutor are in the room. In this case, however, McCulloch’s office has said the proceedings are being recorded and transcribed.

SECRETS MADE PUBLIC

What’s said in a grand jury typically remains secret under Missouri law, though when an indictment is issued, the evidence can be aired at a trial. If Wilson is not indicted, McCulloch says he will ask a judge for permission to publicly release the grand jury evidence as soon as possible.

FOR BETTER OR WORSE

Opinion is divided about whether the unusual aspects of this grand jury will inspire trust or skepticism.

Platte County Prosecutor Eric Zahnd, a past president of the Missouri Association of Prosecuting Attorneys, believes the differences are beneficial.

“At the end of the day, whether Officer Wilson is indicted or not, it’s important that the public have confidence that the system worked as it should,” Zahnd said. “For that reason, the grand jury going above and beyond the norm is very, very appropriate.”

Susan McGraugh, supervisor of the Criminal Defense Clinic at the Saint Louis University School of Law, said all the exceptions to the norm appear to be heightening tensions among residents, particularly among racial minorities who believe they’re treated differently by police.

The police officer is “getting a whole special grand jury process,” McGraugh said. “I think it really adds to the consternation – you know, the frustration – that people are feeling.”

FILE - In this Saturday, Sept. 10, 2011, file photo, U.S. Army Pfc. Garrick Carlton, center, of Sacramento, Calif., hikes past burning rubbish to man a hilltop observation post along with fellow Pfc. Michael Tompkins, of Wadsworth, Ohio, left, and Pfc. Austin D'Amica, of San Diego, at Combat Outpost Monti in Kunar province, Afghanistan. U.S. officials say President Barack Obama has quietly approved guidelines in recent weeks to allow the Pentagon to target Taliban fighters in Afghanistan, broadening previous plans that had limited the military to counterterrorism missions against al-Qaida after 2014. (AP Photo/David Goldman, File)

FILE – In this Saturday, Sept. 10, 2011, file photo, U.S. Army Pfc. Garrick Carlton, center, of Sacramento, Calif., hikes past burning rubbish to man a hilltop observation post along with fellow Pfc. Michael Tompkins, of Wadsworth, Ohio, left, and Pfc. Austin D’Amica, of San Diego, at Combat Outpost Monti in Kunar province, Afghanistan. U.S. officials say President Barack Obama has quietly approved guidelines in recent weeks to allow the Pentagon to target Taliban fighters in Afghanistan, broadening previous plans that had limited the military to counterterrorism missions against al-Qaida after 2014. (AP Photo/David Goldman, File)

(Washington) (AP) – President Barack Obama has quietly approved guidelines in recent weeks to allow the Pentagon to target Taliban fighters in Afghanistan, broadening previous plans that had limited the military to counterterrorism missions against al-Qaida after this year, U.S. officials said late Friday.

The president’s decisions also allow the military to conduct air support for Afghan operations when needed. Obama issued the guidelines in recent weeks, as the American combat mission in Afghanistan draws to a close, thousands of troops return home, and the military prepares for narrower counterterrorism and training mission for the next two years.

Obama’s moves expand on what had been previously planned for next year. One U.S. official said the military could only go after the Taliban if it posed a threat to American forces or provided direct support to al-Qaida, while the latter could be targeted more indiscriminately.

“To the extent that Taliban members directly threaten the United States and coalition forces in Afghanistan or provide direct support to al-Qaida, however, we will take appropriate measures to keep Americans safe,” the official said.

The Taliban’s presence in Afghanistan far exceeds that of al-Qaida, adding significance to Obama’s authorization. The president’s decision came in response to requests from military commanders who wanted troops to be allowed to continue to battle the Taliban, the U.S. officials said.

The New York Times first reported the new guidelines. Officials confirmed details to The Associated Press on the condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss Obama’s decisions by name.

The decision to expand the military’s authority does not impact the overall number of U.S. troops that will remain in Afghanistan. Earlier this year. Obama ordered the American force presence to be cut to 9,800 by the end of this year, a figure expected to be cut in half by the end of 2015.

The president wants all U.S. troops to be out of Afghanistan a year later, as his presidency draws to a close.

Some of the Obama administration’s planning for the post-2014 mission was slowed by a political stalemate in Afghanistan earlier this year. It took months for the winner of the country’s presidential election to be certified, delaying the signing of a bilateral security agreement that was necessary in order to keep U.S. forces in the country after December.

In Kabul, officials with the Afghan Defense Ministry declined to comment Saturday, while officials with the presidency could not be reached.

However, Afghan military analyst Jawed Kohistani said the move likely would be welcomed as President Ashraf Ghani’s new administration upon taking office immediately signed a deal with the U.S. to allow a residual force of 12,000 foreign troops in the country.

“We have heard from many military officers who are involved in direct fighting with the Taliban and other insurgents that still there is a need for more cooperation, there is need for an ongoing U.S. combat mission and there is need for U.S. air support for the Afghan security forces to help them in their fight against the insurgents,” Kohistani said.

This image provided by the U.S. Navy shows Navy Vice Adm. Tim Giardina in a Nov. 11, 2011, photo. Giardina, fired last year as No. 2 commander of U.S. nuclear forces may have made his own counterfeit $500 poker chips with paint and stickers to feed a gambling habit that eventually saw him banned from an entire network of casinos, according to a criminal investigative report obtained by The Associated Press.   (AP Photo/U.S. Navy)

This image provided by the U.S. Navy shows Navy Vice Adm. Tim Giardina in a Nov. 11, 2011, photo. Giardina, fired last year as No. 2 commander of U.S. nuclear forces may have made his own counterfeit $500 poker chips with paint and stickers to feed a gambling habit that eventually saw him banned from an entire network of casinos, according to a criminal investigative report obtained by The Associated Press. (AP Photo/U.S. Navy)

(Washington) (AP) – The admiral fired last year as No. 2 commander of U.S. nuclear forces may have made his own counterfeit $500 poker chips with paint and stickers to feed a gambling habit that eventually saw him banned from an entire network of casinos, according to a criminal investigative report obtained by The Associated Press.

Although Rear Adm. Timothy M. Giardina’s removal as deputy head of U.S. Strategic Command was announced last year, evidence of his possible role in manufacturing the counterfeit chips has not previously been revealed. Investigators said they found his DNA on the underside of an adhesive sticker used to alter genuine $1 poker chips to make them look like $500 chips.

Nor had the Navy disclosed how extensively he gambled.

The case is among numerous embarrassing setbacks for the nuclear force. Disciplinary problems, security flaws, weak morale and leadership lapses documented by The Associated Press over the past two years prompted Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel on Nov. 14 to announce top-to-bottom changes in how the nuclear force is managed that will cost up to $10 billion.

The records obtained by the AP under the Freedom of Information Act show Giardina was a habitual poker player, spending a total of 1,096 hours – or an average of 15 hours per week – at the tables at the Horseshoe casino in Council Bluffs, Iowa, in the 18 months before being caught using three phony chips in June 2013.

He was such a familiar figure at the casino, across the Missouri River from his office near Omaha, Nebraska, that some there knew him as “Navy Tim.” But they may not have known he was a three-star admiral and second-in-charge at Strategic Command, the military’s nuclear war-fighting headquarters. Strategic Command also plays key roles in missile defense, cyberdefense, space operations and other functions.

A career submarine officer, Giardina is a 1979 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy.

Such was Giardina’s affection for poker that even after he was caught he “continued to come in and gamble on a regular basis” at Harrah’s casino, also located in Council Bluffs, according to an account by an Iowa Division of Criminal Investigation agent that was turned over to the Naval Criminal Investigative Service after NCIS took over the case in August 2013.

On July 18 Giardina was banned from both the Horseshoe and Harrah’s for 90 days, but he returned at least twice to play poker at the Horseshoe before the ban expired. The second time, in October, he was given a lifetime ban from all gambling establishments run by the Horseshoe’s owner, Caesar’s Entertainment Corp.

The report included Giardina’s remarks to a casino security agent about the polygraphs given at Strategic Command to officers holding security clearances.

“(What) they’re really trying to do is find out if you got, you know, if you’re having sex with animals or something really crazy or you’ve got this wild life that you could be blackmailed into giving military secrets out,” he was quoted as saying.

At Strategic Command, Giardina was privy to highly sensitive national security secrets. Legal gambling by Strategic Command officers with security clearances is not prohibited or limited by policy, although if they incur excessive debt they are required to report it, according to the command’s chief spokeswoman, Navy Capt. Pamela Kunze.

Six days after he received the lifetime Caesar’s ban, Giardina was kicked out of the Hollywood Casino at Kansas Speedway in Kansas City, Kansas, according to the NCIS records that gave no reason for that expulsion. That casino is not a Caesar’s property.

The state investigator’s report also said a review of surveillance footage revealed “odd behaviors” by Giardina at the Horseshoe.

“Giardina was observed taking cigarette butts out of public ash trays and smoking them,” it said.

Giardina, who remains on the Navy payroll as a staff officer in Washington, was never charged with counterfeiting. Instead he was found guilty in May 2014 of two counts of conduct unbecoming an officer – lying to an investigator and passing fake gambling chips. He was given a written reprimand and ordered to forfeit $4,000 in pay.

The Navy chose not to pursue a court martial because they were uncertain they could get a conviction with the evidence they had, officials said.

In early September 2013 Giardina was quietly suspended from his post at Strategic Command, which he had assumed in December 2011. One month later he was fired and reduced in rank from three-star to two-star admiral.

Giardina did not respond to an AP email request Friday for comment on the investigation report. In May, after the Navy announced his punishment, Giardina told the AP he had no comment.

NCIS denied AP’s original request for the investigation records but released them this month after granting an AP appeal.

Thanksgiving

Each fall, as our homes fill with the sights, smells and sounds of the impending holiday season, we also find ourselves counting our blessings.

Thanksgiving brings friends and family together again to join in a feast. While our blessings are abundantly clear during these events, it also reminds us to be thankful daily.

Although many of our day-to-day activities can be the source of frustration, we should realize that many are in fact blessings in disguise and should be viewed as such. Consider the following:

The farmer on his tractor that inches his way along the twisty and narrow two-lane highway may have caused you to be late for work, but his hard work and the years of back breaking labor on that old rusty tractor has allowed for the feast on your table to be as plentiful this year as it was last.

After a hectic day of work, you run to the corner store, but they are out of nearly all of the items on your list. Be thankful for the small town corner store, the jobs it provides and the history it holds. Many have been forced to close their doors the past few years turning the “quick trip to the store” into a 30 minute drive to the nearest gas station/convenience store, hoping they have the items you need.

The frustration of another busier than average day at work, causing you to work later than anticipated. Be thankful and count your blessings. In the past few years, many people have lost their jobs, and too many of them are still looking for work. There are those who would call you blessed to have the very job that is sometimes so frustrating.

For those of us who are older, it is easy to caution our children to have patience with their own young ones. The loud noises, doors slamming, cries in the middle of the night and what seems like an endless list of needs and wants, from our children, no matter their age, are blessings and moments to cherish.

Our families are truly the most divine blessing any of us could have. I hope you take the time this holiday season to count your blessings and spend time making more memories. Next year, those memories will be additional blessings for which to be thankful.

As always, I appreciate it when groups from around Missouri and from our community back home come to visit me at the Capitol, however during interim I may be in district. If you would like to arrange a time to come and visit me in Jefferson City, or if you ever have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact my Capitol office at (573) 751-1882.

2014 General Election Produces Historic Republican Majority

It was just a few days ago that more than 1.4 million Missourians made their voices heard by voting in the November general election. That sounds like an impressive number, but voter turnout was actually a bit lower than expected this year. Our Secretary of State’s Office had anticipated slightly lower than 40 percent turnout, and the final tally amounted to turnout of just more than 35 percent. Ultimately, that means that while more than 1.4 million Missourians voted, another 2.6 million registered voters opted not to participate in the election. These are numbers we want to continue to work to improve by keeping voting a process that is easy and accessible to all while also making elections safe, secure and free from voter fraud.

The Missourians who did take the time to cast their ballots sent Republicans to the state House in record numbers. Never before in the history of Missouri have we seen this many Republicans hold office in the Missouri House. The 117 Republicans elected to serve increased further when a conservative Democrat switched parties the day after the election. The 118-member super majority represents the most members either party has had in the House since 1965-66 when Democrats held 123 seats. It also represents the second highest percentage of seats held by Republicans. The only greater majority for Republicans occurred in 1921-22 when they held 104 out of 142 seats or 73.2 percent of the total seats in the Missouri House. For the 98th General Assembly, Republicans will control 72.4 percent of the 163 seats.

What this means to me and my colleagues is that the people of Missouri have said they believe in the pro-growth, pro-jobs, fiscally conservative, family-oriented values that Republican legislators have fought to defend for more than a decade now as they have controlled the legislature. While we don’t have our agenda for the upcoming session set in stone at this time, we do know that a few key areas will receive our attention:

• Economic development incentives that invest in small business

• Education initiatives that keep decisions on the local level while also improving job readiness;

• Developing new ways to bolster our vital agriculture industry; and

• Continuing our efforts to move our state toward energy independence.

These are just a few of the goals mentioned by the new members of House leadership that we selected the day after the election. You can be certain that the list will grow and change in the coming weeks as the Republican caucus continues to discuss its priorities, and we continue to take input from the people who have entrusted us to serve as their voice in the halls of government.

As always, you have my most sincere thanks for your support and I look forward to again serving you and your family, as well as all of the communities in our district. The next few weeks will be a busy time as we enjoy the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays, but I want to remind you that my door is always open, and I am always ready to take your call or email if you have something you want to discuss. I am here to serve you and I greatly value your input on issues both great and small. Please keep that in mind and don’t hesitate to contact me. Thanks again for giving me the immense honor of serving as your state representative.

As always, it is an honor to serve the good folks of the 153rd District. If you would like to discuss any issue, please call 573-751-1066 or you can e-mail me at steve.cookson@house.mo.gov .

A History of Thanksgiving

It’s no secret that one of the very first acts of Congress, dating back to 1789, resolved to ask Mr. President for a selected day to celebrate Thanksgiving. A few days later, Washington fulfilled this request, calling November 26th a “Day of Publick Thanksgivin.” It wasn’t until Abraham Lincoln, though–in the middle of the Civil War, that the first annual National Day of Thanksgiving and Praise was proclaimed. I offer Lincoln’s words for your perusal:

“… No human counsel have devised nor have any mortal hand worked out these great things. They are the gracious gifts of the Most High God, who, while dealing with us in anger for our sins, hath nevertheless remembered mercy. It has seemed to me fit and proper that they should be solemnly, reverently, and gratefully acknowledged as with one heart and one voice by the whole American People. I do therefore invite my fellow citizens and every part of the United States, and also those who are at sea and those who are sojourning in foreign lands, to set apart and observe the last Thursday of November next, as a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the heavens. And I recommend to them that while offering up the ascriptions justly do to Him for such singular deliverances and blessings, they do also, with humble penitence for our national perverseness and disobedience, commend to His tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners, or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife in which we are unavoidably engaged, and fervently implore the interposition of the Almighty Hand to heal the wounds of the nation and to restore it as soon as it may be consistent with the Divine purposes to the full enjoyment of peace, harmony, tranquility, and Union.”

Have a blessed Thanksgiving Holiday.